What Is The History Of The Smooth Collie Dog Breed?
The Smooth Collie is a British breed of dog developed in the 19th century from Scottish herding dogs. It is a medium-sized dog with a short coat of silky fur that needs little grooming. The Smooth Collie was once one of the most popular dog breeds in the United Kingdom, but its popularity declined sharply in the second half of the 20th century. In 2015, it was ranked 96th out of 196 breeds by the Kennel Club.
The first recorded use of the word “collie” to describe a type of sheepdog was in 1680. It is uncertain whether this referred to the same breed as the modern Smooth Collie. The name derives from the Gaelic Colley, meaning “black,” and was initially spelled colla. The Smooth Collie is thought to have been developed in the 19th century from a cross between the Bearded Collie and the Border Collie. It was first shown at a dog show in Manchester in 1860 and gained popularity as a working dog on Scottish farms.
In the early 20th century, Smooth Collies were exported to the United States, becoming popular as pets and working dogs. During the First World War, many British breeds of dogs were nearly wiped out due to decreased demand for their services and increased import taxes on foreign breeds. The Smooth Collie was one of the few breeds that survived this period, and its popularity began to increase in the UK from the 1920s onwards. However, by the 1970s, its popularity had declined sharply; by the 1990s, it was classed as a rare breed. In 2015, it was ranked 96th out of 196 breeds by the Kennel Club.
Despite its declining popularity, the Smooth Collie is still used as a working dog on some farms in the UK and other parts of Europe. It is also kept as a pet by many people, who appreciate its gentle and friendly nature.
What Does A Smooth Collie Dog Look Like?
The Smooth Collie is a medium-sized dog breed that is said to resemble a miniature version of the rough-coated collie. The main difference between the two breeds is their coat; the smooth collie has a short, dense coat that lies flat against its body, while the rough-coated collie has a long, thick coat that stands out from its body. Both breeds are intelligent and have a strong herding instinct. The smooth collie is an active breed that needs plenty of exercise and stimulation; they are not well suited for a sedentary lifestyle.
The smooth collie comes in various colors, including black, blue merle, brindle, sable, and white. They typically have white markings on their chest, neck, and legs.
How Big Is An Adult Smooth Collie Dog?
The average weight of a male Smooth Collie Dog is between 44 and 63 pounds, while the average weight of a female is between 39 and 55 pounds. Male Smooth Collie Dogs typically stand 22 to 24 inches tall at the shoulder, while females stand 20 to 22 inches tall. However, size can vary somewhat from dog to dog. Depending on their parentage and individual growth patterns, some may be larger or smaller than average. But, in general, most Smooth Collie Dogs fall within the range mentioned above for weight and height.
Are There Other Dog Breeds Related To The Smooth Collie Dog?
Some other dog breeds related to the Smooth Collie Dog include the Border Collie, Rough Collie, Shetland Sheepdog, Australian Cattle Dog, Bearded Collie, Briard, Old English Sheepdog, Polish Lowland Sheepdog, Puli, Pyrenean Shepherd, and Yorkshire Terrier. These breeds share similarities with the Smooth Collie Dog, such as their herding instincts and overall appearance. However, each breed also has its own unique traits and characteristics.
What Is The Life Expectancy Of A Smooth Collie Dog?
Smooth Collie Dogs have an average lifespan of 12 to 15 years. This breed is generally healthy, but like all breeds, they are prone to certain health conditions. Some of the most common health problems in Smooth Collie Dogs include hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, and eye disorders. Proper nutrition and exercise can help keep your Smooth Collie Dog healthy and prolong its life.
Can A Smooth Collie Dog Be Trained?
A Smooth Collie Dog can be trained to do a variety of things. They are intelligent dogs and can learn many commands. Some things a Smooth Collie Dog can be trained to do include sit, stay, come, down, heel, and fetch. With proper training, a Smooth Collie Dog can be a well-mannered dog that is a pleasure to have around.
What Are Some Interesting Facts About A Smooth Collie Dog?
- The Smooth Collie is a Scottish herding dog used for centuries to help farmers round up sheep.
- The breed is known for its strong work ethic, intelligence, and loyalty.
- Smooth Collies are also considered one of the most trainable dog breeds.
- The breed standard for the Smooth Collie calls for a height of 20-22 inches (51-56 cm) and a weight of 50-75 pounds (23-34 kg).
- Smooth Collies have a double coat consisting of a thick, dense undercoat and a longer, coarse outer coat.
- The most common coat colors are sable and white, black and white, blue merle, and tri-color (black, white, and tan).
- Smooth Collies are relatively easy to groom, but their coats do require regular brushing and combing to prevent matting.
- The breed is generally healthy, but some health concerns that have been documented include hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, von Willebrand’s disease, and epilepsy.
- The average lifespan of a Smooth Collie is 10-12 years.
How Does A Smooth Collie Dog Interact With People?
People and Smooth Collie Dogs have a very special relationship. They are known for being loyal and loving companions. However, they can also be independent and stand-offish at times. Their owners need to socialize them from a young age so that they learn how to interact with people in a positive way. When properly trained, Smooth Collie Dogs make wonderful family pets. They are patient with children and love spending time with their families. A Smooth Collie Dog can be a lifelong friend and companion with proper care and attention.